EV Tires vs Traditional Tires: Is there a Difference? – Cerebrum Sensor

EV Tires vs Traditional Tires: Is there a Difference?


As the automotive industry accelerates towards an electric future, one critical component that is often overlooked for electric vehicles is tires. At first glance, they seem no different from traditional tires for gasoline powered vehicles. After a closer look, the differences between these two tires become very clear because of the different characteristics and demands of electric vehicles. Let’s explore some of those key differences that support electric vehicles.  

  1. Weight and Load Capacity

Electric vehicles are generally heavier than their gasoline counterparts due to the weight of the battery packs. This puts more stress on the tires, which is why they have a higher load capacity.  The tires are designed with advanced materials and reinforced sidewalls to withstand the extra weight , without compromising performance or safety. This significantly increases the longevity of the tire, even under the intense demands of the electric vehicle.



  1. Rolling Resistance

As stated previously, EV’s can be quite heavy. It takes more energy to stop and go with a heavy vehicle, which is where the rolling resistance factor comes in. Rolling resistance is the resistance to movement due to the deformation of the tire as it rolls.In EV’s ,this can play a vital role in energy efficiency, which is why their tires are designed with low rolling resistance. The advanced materials and innovative tread designs minimize energy loss , which translates to an improved driving range on a single charge.


  1. Noise Reduction

The absence of an engine gives EV drivers a tranquil and silent driving experience because of the nature of the electric motors. Since the vehicle is quiet, the sound of the road will fill the void. To maintain this serene driving experience, EV tires are engineered to reduce vibration and sound through the use of specialized rubber compounds and unique tread patterns.


  1. Traction and Grip

The instantaneous torque of an electric vehicle can be thrilling, but in order for this to be possible the tires need to be able to withstand it. EV’s require tires with superior traction and grip to accommodate the rapid acceleration and deceleration of the vehicle. The unique tread patterns and softer rubber compounds ensure optimal grip on various road surfaces, particularly in wet or slippery conditions. Traction and grip is paramount to vehicle safety and performance.


  1. Tire Wear

Though enhancements to electric vehicle tires have been made, a downside is increased tire wear.  With instantaneous torque and the additional weight, the electric vehicle dynamics significantly contribute to wear and tear of the tire.  Studies have shown that electric vehicles typically wear tires 20-30% faster than internal combustion engine vehicles, thus requiring more maintenance and increased tire purchase frequency.  A tire without tread can be dangerous in slippery conditions and can also lead to accidents, blowouts, and other dangerous situations. Therefore, with intelligent tire solutions from Cerebrum, the tread depth can be actively monitored as the vehicle is driven to ensure the vehicle is operating with a safe level of tread health and accurately forecast the best moment to replace tires. 


Before thinking about substituting traditional tires for an electric vehicle, it is crucial to consider the different demands that the electric vehicle has for performance and safety.  As more fleets migrate towards electric vehicles, it is vital to equip them with the right tires for the job. The increased weight along with the tremendous torque that the vehicle generates requires tires that can accommodate these characteristics. When considering electric vehicle fleets with weight that seems impossible to move, engineers have found a way to create tires that safely transport electric commercial vehicles.


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